Terengganu, is a sultanate and constitutive state of federal Malaysia.

Terengganu (also Trengganu) is a state on the eastern coast of Peninsular Malaysia in Malaysia.


Terengganu’s position on the props of the South China Sea ensures that it has been on a trade route since ancient times. Like other Malay countries, Terengganu rehearsed a Hindu-Buddhist culture combined with the traditional beliefs of animism for hundreds of times before the arrival of Islam. Under the influence of Srivijaya, Terengganu traded considerably with the Majapahit Empire, the Khmer Empire and especially the Chinese. Terengganu is located in the east of Peninsular Malaysia, and is framed on the northwest by Kelantan, on the southwest by Pahang, and on the east by the South China Sea. Several remote islets, including Pulau Perhentian, Pulau Kapas and Pulau Redang, are also part of the state.

Language History

Terengganu is the first Malay state to follow the teachings of Islam as according to the Terengganu Inscription Stone found in Kuala Berang, Hulu Terengganu, the date it was carved around between 702 and 789 Hijri or between 1303 and 1387 AD.

Terengganu was the protectorate of the Sultanate of Melaka at that time, but it had its own sultanate when the Sultanate of Johor emerged. It became an intact kingdom in 1724 A.D.

It was covered by the influence of the Rattanakosin Kingdom in the 19th century where the relationship established between the two parties required the giving of gold flowers every year. It was handed over to Great Britain as a result of the signing of the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909.


The Malay community in Terengganu is rich in culture and customs. There are various types of traditional Malay theater known as Rodat, Nur Sakti Theater and Pulai Dance in Terengganu. The Ulek Mayang dance is also famous and will be played during beach festivals which are usually held at the end of the year for the purpose of curing diseases, but now it is just a cultural performance.

Terengganu is also rich in traditional food and different from Malay food in other states. Among the famous traditional foods of the Terengganu Malay community is Keropok Lekor. Budu is also one of the popular foods in Terengganu. Budu as “anchovy sauce”. Apart from that, Nasi Dagang is the Terengganu community’s brand rice, and it is original and delicious if made by the Terengganu community.

There are also a variety of delicious and nutritious traditional cakes in the state of Terengganu. Among them are dried jelly, Akok Berlauk, sweet black apam, apit-apit, asam gumpal, duck poop cake, Akok, Nganang, Bronok Sagu, Sagong, Bingka Nyior, Belebab Ubi, Nek Bak, Tok Aji Serbang, Ketupat sotong, Beekang , Roti Paung, Buah Bung Sambal, Kuih tepung kapur, Apam Dewa, Apam Kuah, Beluda and many more.


By Air

There are three airports in Terengganu, and two of them are open to the public. Sultan Mahmud Airport located in Gong Badak, Kuala Nerus is the main airport in the state and serves as the main gateway by air and from Terengganu. Another public airport is Redang Airport, located on Redang Island off the coast of Terengganu.

Kerteh Airport, located in Kerteh town, Kemaman is the second largest airport in the state but is not open to the public as the airport is owned and operated by Petroliam Nasional Berhad or Petronas through the East Coast Regional Office (ECRO).

A military air force base, TUDM Gong Kedak is located between the borders of Kelantan (Pasir Puteh) and Terengganu (Besut) and has airstrips that cross two state borders.

Terengganu Darul Iman

Terengganu at a glance

  • Country: Malaysia
  • Capital: Kuala Terengganu
  • Area: 12,958 km2
  • Population: 1,280,000


  • Masjid Kristal(Crystal Mosque):  the icon of Taman Tamadun Islam and Kuala Terengganu City-the Waterfront Heritage City.
  • Terengganu Cultural Village: is a “one-stop center” for the arts, culture and heritage of the State of Terengganu.
  • Pulau Redang (Redang Island): is one of the largest, quietest and most beautiful islands on the east coast of Malaysia.
  • Taman Negeri Setiu Wetland: is the largest natural wetlands in the East Coast.
  • Muzium Negeri Terengganu (Terengganu State Museum): is the largest museum in Malaysia with a massive floor area.

Kuala Terengganu – A Beautiful City in East Coast Malaysia

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